- Town:Guatemala City
- Rider(s):Barrios, Justo Rufino
(1835 –1885) was a President of Guatemala known for his liberal reforms and his attempts to reunite Central America. Together with rebels he overthrew the conservative government. Barrios was elected President in May 1873. He instituted a number of reforms, including freedom of the press and established a system of public schools in the country. He limited the power of the Catholic Church and confiscated its property. The Guatemala’s first constitution was ratified in 1879 and Barrios was reelected President for a six-year term in 1880. Mexico feared Barrios’ liberal reforms and the potential of a strong Central America as a neighbor if Barrios’ plans to reform the Central American Union should bear fruit. An alliance with El Salvador was formed and troops were sent. Barrios personally lead the army into El Salvador, where he was killed at Chalchuapa. Much of the hope for a reunited Central America died with him.
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