- Rider(s):Christophe, Henri
(1767 –1820) was a former slave and key leader in the Haitian Revolution, which succeeded in gaining independence from France in 1804. In 1805 he took part under Jean-Jacques Dessalines in the invasion of Santo Domingo (now Dominican Republic) against French forces, and was documented as killing hundreds of Dominicans, including prisoners. After Dessalines was assassinated, Christophe retreated to the Plaine-du-Nord and created a separate government. In 1807, he was elected President of the State of Haiti, as he named that area. In 1811, Christophe created a kingdom in the North and had himself proclaimed Henry I, King of Haiti. He also created a nobility and named his legitimate son Jacques-Victor Henry as prince and heir. He is known for constructing the Citadelle Laferrière, described as one of the great construction wonders of the era, the Sans-Souci Palace, and numerous other palaces. The Kingdom earned its revenues from agricultural production, primarily sugar, but the people resented the system of forced labor. Unpopular, ill and fearing a coup, he committed suicide. His son and heir was assassinated 10 days later. Jean-Pierre Boyer came to power and reunited the two parts of Haiti.
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