The Equestrian Monument, more commonly known under its German original name Reiterdenkmal is an equestrian sculpture in Windhoek, the capital of Namibia. The sculpture by Adolf Kürle was inaugurated in 1912. The monument honors the soldiers and civilians that died on the German side of the Herero and Namaqua War of 1904–1907. The monument however was erected not just to remember the dead. It was intended to serve as symbol of victory and a claim to rightful possession of Southwest African land. This caused controversy about its current role in a democratic Namibia that has shed its colonial occupation and gained independence. The continued display of German superiority, as well as its one-sided reporting on the deaths in the first decade of the 20th century—Herero and Damara people lost fifty times as many lives as the Germans during the Herero and Namaqua War—attracted critical commentary, particularly since the 1980s. The sculpture has been removed from its original place in 2009, was re-erected in 2010 in front of the Alte Feste (a fortress in downtown Windhoek) and removed from its plinth again in 2013 to be stored in the yard of the Alte Feste.
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