Year of creation:1932
- Rider(s):Garibaldi, Anita
(1821–1849), commonly known as Anita, met Garibaldi in 1839 during his South American wars, and they fought alongside each other. The couple married in Montevideo in 1842 and they had four children. Anita, a skilled horsewoman, taught Garibaldi about the gaucho culture of southern Brazil and Uruguay. Around this time, he adopted his trademark clothing, which consisted of the red shirt, poncho and sombrero commonly worn by the gauchos. Anita, who was carrying her fifth child, died in 1849 near Comacchio during the epic march following the defeat in Rome.
- Sculptor(s):Rutelli, Mario
The equestrian statue by Mario Rutelli shows Anita on a rearing horse, holding a gun in her right hand and a child in her left arm. The story is that Mussolini insisted on the baby in order to include the ‘role of women as mothers’. This addition most probably caused the statue to be out of balance, resulting in the need for an ugly structure to keep it upright. The statue is not only a monument: it is also Anita’s grave. Five former soldiers from Garibaldi’s army carried her body, wrapped in the Italian flag, from Piazza Venezia to the Janiculum. We can only imagine what an effort that must have been for those old veterans.
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