Year of creation:1916
- Rider(s):Kitchener, Horatio Herbert
(1850 –1916) won fame in 1898 by winning the Battle of Omdurman and securing control of the Sudan, after which he was given the title “Lord Kitchener of Khartoum”. As Chief of Staff (1900–02) in the Second Boer War he played a key role in Lord Roberts’ conquest of the Boer Republics, then succeeded Roberts as commander-in-chief – by which time Boer forces had taken to guerrilla fighting and British forces imprisoned Boer civilians in concentration camps. In 1914, at the start of the First World War, Lord Kitchener became Secretary of State for War, a Cabinet Minister. One of the few to foresee a long war, he organised the largest volunteer army that Britain, and indeed the world, had seen and a significant expansion of materials production to fight Germany on the Western Front. His commanding image, appearing on recruiting posters demanding, “Your country needs you!“, remains recognised and parodied in popular culture to this day. Kitchener drowned in1916 when his ship struck a German mine. He was one of the 600 killed on board the ship.
- Sculptor(s):March, Sydney
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