- Town:Sao Paolo
Year of creation:1862
- Rider(s):Lima e Silva, Luis Alves de
Duke of Caxias (1803 –1880), nicknamed “the Peacemaker” and “Iron Duke”, was an army officer, politician and monarchist of the Empire of Brazil. In 1823 he fought as a young officer in the Brazilian War for Independence against Portugal. Caxias instructed Pedro II, in swordsmanship and horsemanship and eventually befriended. During Pedro II’s minority the governing regency faced countless rebellions throughout the country. Caxias commanded loyalist forces suppressing such uprisings. In 1851, under his command, the Brazilian army prevailed against the Argentine Confederation in the Platine War; a decade later Caxias led Brazilian forces to victory in the Paraguayan War. As a reward he was raised to duke. The Emperor appointed him Prime minister in 1856; he briefly held that office again in 1861, but fell when his party lost its parliamentary majority. In 1875 he headed a cabinet for the last time.
- Sculptor(s):Brecheret, Victor
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