- Rider(s):Ramirez, Felipe Ángeles
(1868–1919) was a military officer, noteworthy for his role in the Mexican Revolution. Colonel Ángeles was in Paris when the Mexican Revolution broke out and returned to Mexico in 1912. President Madero appointed Ángeles director of the Military Academy and promoted him to brigadier general. The Madero government was under attack from many sides, Madero sent General Ángeles to Morelos to battle the Zapata insurgency. Ángeles changed the harsh military tactics and offered amnesty to those revolutionaries who agreed to lay down their arms. After the assassination of Madero, Huerta sent him into exile in France. On his return Ángeles became one of Villa’s principal military and intellectual advisers. He participated as Chief of Artillery in the great military triumphs of 1914. Ángeles, a conciliator, pacifist, and philanthropic socialist wanted peace, but he was unable to convince Villa to cease hostilities. After Villa’s raid on Ciudad Juárez in 1919 (in which Ángeles did not participate), Ángeles became despondent that there was no solution to the long and bloody civil war. Tired, ill, and disillusioned, he departed Villa’s camp. Wandering for a time without funds or support, he was betrayed and arrested in 1919 by the Carranza government. He was court-martialed in a show-trial, condemned to death and executed.
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