- Rider(s):Benalcázar, Sebastián de
also called Sebastián Moyano (c. 1495-1551) was the Spanish conqueror of Nicaragua, Ecuador, and southwestern Colombia. He captured Quito and founded the cities of Guayaquil in Ecuador and Popayán in Colombia. Joining Francisco Pizarro’s expedition to Peru in 1531 he set out in 1533 to conquer what is now Ecuador. In 1534 he occupied the city of Quito and founded one year later a settlement that was later moved to a more healthful site and developed into the modern Guayaquil. Benalcázar led an expedition in search of the mythical Eldorado, believed to be a region abounding in gold. He entered the Popayán region of Colombia, founded the city of Popayán in 1537, and became governor of the district. The close of Benalcázar’s life was embittered by disputes with other Spanish leaders.
- Sculptor(s):Ujihiro, Okuma
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