- Town:Santiago de Chile
Year of creation:1858
- Rider(s):Carrera, José Miguel
(1785 –1821) was a Chilean general, member of the prominent Carrera family, and one of the founders of independent Chile. Carrera was the most important leader during the first period of the Chilean War of Independence. After the defeat by the Spanish troops in 1814 Carrera went in exile in Argentina. His opposition to the leaders of independent Argentina and Chile, San Martin and O’Higgins respectively made him to live in exile in Montevideo. From there he went to Argentina to join the struggle of the Federalists against the Unitarians. Carreras small army however was left isolated in the Province of Buenos Aires from the other Federalist forces. In this difficult situation Carrera decided to cross native-controlled lands all the way to Chile to once and for all overthrow O’Higgins. Argentine politicians opposed his passage to Chile and numerically superior forces defeated Carrera’s men near Mendoza. One of his Argentine helpers betrayed Carrera, leading to his capture and execution in that city in 1821. The conflict between followers of O’Higgins and Carrera continues to some extent to this day. Carrera ended slavery as well as the legal prerogatives and privileges of the titled nobility in Chile. He also founded the first free newspaper and instituted the first national flag.
- Sculptor(s):Román, Hector
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