- Faysal I
(1885 –1933) was King of the Arab Kingdom of Syria or Greater Syria in 1920, and was King of Iraq from 1921 to 1933. Faisal fostered unity between Sunni and Shiite Muslims to encourage common loyalty and promote pan-Arabism in the goal of creating an Arab state that would include Iraq, Syria and the rest of the Fertile Crescent. While in power, Faisal tried to diversify his administration by including different ethnic and religious groups in offices. In addition, Faisal’s attempt at pan-Arab nationalism may have contributed to the isolation of certain religious groups.
- Canonica, Pietro
Iraqi people, who believed they were “excising the bad memories of the British Mandate and monarchical rule”, toppled this statue in 1958. Saddam Hussein had a replica of the monument re-erected in 1989, possibly in order to align himself ideologically with the Faiasl legacy.