Khmelnitsky, Bogdan

Originally, the artist wanted the horse to be portrayed trampling a Jesuit, a Polish noble and a Jew. Tsar Alexander III did not oppose the idea, but the Kiev authorities feared resistance. In the end, the idea did not materialize due to a lack of funds. Another point of discussion was the positioning of the statue. The original idea was that Bogdan would point his ‘hetman club’ in the direction of Poland, but that would mean that the rear of the horse would face the Sofia cathedral in a blasphemous way. So the statue was turned a little bit, with the result that Bogdan now threatens Sweden.

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