Year of creation:2015
- Rider(s):Rokossovsky, Konstantin
(1896 –1968) was a Soviet and Polish officer who became Marshal of the Soviet Union, Marshal of Poland, and served as Poland’s Defence Minister from 1949 until his removal in 1956. He was among the most prominent Red Army commanders of WW II.
Born in Congress Poland under Russian rule, Rokossovsky served in the Imperial Russian Army during WW I. After the war he joined the Red Army and fought with great distinction during the Russian Civil War. Rokossovsky held senior commands until 1937 when he fell victim to Joseph Stalin’s Great Purge, during which he was branded a traitor, imprisoned and tortured.
After Soviet failures in the Winter War, Rokossovsky was reinstated due to an urgent need of experienced officers. Following Germany’s invasion of the Soviet Union, Rokossovsky played key roles in the defense of Moscow and the counter-offensives at Stalingrad and Kursk. He was instrumental in planning and executing part of Operation Bagration—one of the most decisive Red Army successes of the war—for which he was made Marshal of the Soviet Union.
After the war, Rokossovsky became Defence Minister and Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers in the newly established Polish People’s Republic. He was dismissed in 1956 when Władysław Gomułka became the leader of Poland. Rokossovsky then returned to the Soviet Union, where he lived out the rest of his life until his death in 1968.
- Sculptor(s):Rukavishnikov, Alexander
(1950) became a member of the USSR Union of Artists in 1974. In 1995 he was given a title of People’s artist of the Russian Federation.