Year of creation:1900
- Rider(s):Washington, George
(1732–1799) was born into a prosperous family in Virginia. He was privately educated and gained experience as a land surveyor before joining the militia. From 1755 to 1758 he served as an officer in the French and Indian War. After rising to the rank of colonel, he resigned his post and married Martha Dandridge, returning as a gentleman farmer to the family plantation at Mount Vernon, Virginia. He soon re-entered public life and served as a member of the First and Second Continental Congress (1774–1775). On the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War in 1775, Washington was made Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army. His military prowess and inspirational leadership held the colonial armies together against overwhelming odds, and secured the evacuation and defeat of the British in 1783. Washington again retired to Mount Vernon, but his dissatisfaction with the new provisional government caused him to resume an active role, and in 1787, he presided over the second federal constitutional convention in Philadelphia. He was unanimously chosen as the first President of the United States, and was inaugurated in New York City in 1789. Washington was re-elected to a second term in 1793, declined a third term, and retired from political life in 1797. As US President, he oversaw the creation of a strong, well-financed national government that maintained neutrality in the wars raging in Europe, suppressed rebellion and won acceptance among Americans of all types. His leadership style established many forms and rituals of government that have been in place since, such as using a cabinet system and delivering an inaugural address. Washington is universally regarded as the ‘father of his country’. As the leader of the first successful revolution against a colonial empire in world history, Washington became an international icon for liberation and nationalism, especially in France and Latin America.
- Sculptor(s):French and Potter
Daniel Chester French (1850 –1931) was an American sculptor. In collaboration with Edward Clark Potter he modelled the George Washington statue, presented to France by the Daughters of the American Revolution and two other equestrian statues.
Edward Clark Potter (1857 – 1923) was an American sculptor. In 1883 he became an assistant to Daniel Chester French and concentrated on animal studies. From 1887 to 1889 he studied sculpture at the Académie Julian in Paris with Antonin Mercié and Emmanuel Frémiet, becoming an accomplished animalier (animal sculptor).
The women of the United States offered an equestrian statue of Washington (1732-1799) to Paris in 1900 in memory of the friendship and the brotherly support of France during the war of independence.